Everywhere there are cows, you can always be sure of one thing, there will also always cow manure. As beef and dairy farming intensified, industrialized and specialized, the need to find urgent solutions for cow dung environmental pollution problems became real. As a result, many machines were inverted to turn cow dung into powder fertilizer.
Let’s consider the fact than an average beef cattle unit produces around 10.5 tons of manure annually, and an average dairy cow unit produces more than 15.4 tons of manure annually. To put things into perspective, a city with 410,000 residents produces less waste than a single dairy farm consisting of 2,500 animals. Cow dung pollution is a huge global problem. In some countries, pollution from cattle manure exceeds industrial pollution. Many people wrongly believe that animal waste is “natural” so it’s not dangerous, but that is not the case.
Fortunately, cow dung can be converted into an excellent organic fertilizer powder. It contains all the nutrients plants need to thrive and it’s rich in organic matter. The NPK profile of cow dung is 1% potassium, 4% nitrogen, and 2% phosphorous. The other constitutes of cow dung besides micronutrients and organic matter are various enzymes and microorganisms. In order to convert cow dung into fertilizer powder, specialized machines are often needed. The fertilizer produced can vastly improve soil structure and fertility. What’s more, the fertilizer can promote healthy microbial growth and prevent common root diseases and rot.
Cow manure is a good organic fertilizer, but if you put fresh cow dung onto the soil, the vast amounts of ammonia produced can cause a horrible odor and burn crops. In addition, unprocessed cow dung can be high in salt, depending on the diet the cattle were fed, which is not ideal for crop growth. To create a nutritious fertilizer, cow dung must be composed. Natural fermentation of cow dung can take a long time, but fortunately, there is now a range of modern composting machinery in the marketplace designed to speed up the process.
Cow dung must be fully fermented before it is applied to agricultural soil. Otherwise, it will cause soil temperatures to increase, which can damage crop root systems. Furthermore, fresh cow dung is full of harmful bacteria and pathogens, which can be damaging to the surrounding environment and water supplies.
To turn cow manure into a safe organic NPK powder fertilizer, it must be fully decomposed. The best way to compost cattle waste is to invest in the best cow dung fertilizer machines, like self-propelled compost turners, hydraulic windrow turners, and dewatering machines.
High-grade NPK compound fertilizer is in high demand and it is relatively cheap to produce. By producing powder fertilizer from cow dung, you can help to deal with the mounting global environmental pollution problems associated with mounting animal waste. What’s more, with the right equipment, powder fertilizer can be processed further into granules or pellets. Granules are easier to store and transport. Check out the latest granulation machines to complete your cow dung fertilizer production line.