Generally speaking, the way of in-vessel composting is the organic matter fermentation method that involves confining of the composting materials in a vessel, building, or container. The composting method utilizes aerobic fermentation technology in decomposing the organic materials in very high temperatures. Based on the categorization of composting systems, this in-vessel composting system can be associated with the biologic reactor system since the biologic reactor is often a vessel in which the fermentation procedure takes place. As the aerobic fermentation process progresses, the temperature and the air flows can be properly regulated in this type of composting system. What’s more, when compared to alternative traditional composting systems, the in-vessel composting system is less affected with bad weather and also the offensive odor is significantly reduced.
What can you Compost with an In-Vessel Composting Equipment?
With the help of a fully closed in-vessel composting equipment, you can ferment the available organic wastes into high-grade compost product. Additionally, there are numerous types of organic wastes that you can compost while using such a piece of equipment, for example, sludge, green waste, sheep manure, cow dung, chicken manure, pig manure, and so on.
Since this compost bin comes with in-built rotating blades, all types of raw materials can be well-crushed to achieve better and effective fermentation with this closed equipment. Therefore, this in-vessel composting system is the most suitable option to achieve resource utilization of wastes in ecological agriculture development, as well as animal breeding industry.
Both anaerobic fermentation and in-vessel composting have differences and similarities. As the most popularly used fermentation methods, they both adopt the breakdown process of organic matter with the help of microorganisms. However, they function in different ways.
When it comes to in-vessel composting, it utilizes the aerobic fermentation technology, and the entire fermentation procedure needs oxygen, that the bacteria will absorb, then oxidize and decompose all the organic wastes. On the other hand, anaerobic fermentation is completely different. After some microbial metabolic activities of the organic waste in anaerobic conditions, carbon dioxide and methane are the products. In other words, if you do not want any pollution created during the fermentation process, the in-vessel composting method with an organic fertilizer could be an excellent option.
Benefits of Using In-Vessel Composting Method
Application of this type of composting method has its benefits. Some are listed below:
– Due to the closed fermentation condition created inside the in-vessel composting system, there is an increase in the composting process of your organic materials. What’s more, it also enhances the organic composting time’s efficiency.
– Like mentioned earlier, the process involved in organic treatment does not pollute the environment. It also saves on the energy used.
– Change in climatic conditions cannot affect the effectiveness of the functionality of the in-vessel composting system. Even if the temperature falls below 20°C, the system can function normally and effectively to ferment the organic wastes.
– A fermentation tank automatically regulates the entire fermentation process; this helps you in saving on the labor cost needed.