[Drink; Beverage] a processed liquid suitable for human or livestock consumption, especially one used to quench thirst, provide nutrition or refresh. Soda and all kinds of fruit juice.
Processing and manufacturing of liquids for drinking, such as soda, fruit dew, tea, etc. Xu Ke’s “Barnyard Barnyard Bill, Diet, Beverage Food”: “Tea, soup, soup (soup and flavor mixed with vegetable and meat, said soup), pulp, cheese belong to, are also drinks.” Shen Congwen’s Xiaoxiao: “Many civilized people in cities spend a summer entirely on soft silk clothes, exquisite drinks and all kinds of good things.”
The earliest beverage production was grain wine. The technology of liquor-making in ancient China has reached a fairly high level. Tea and tea cultivation have been recorded in Erya, a dictionary of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty in 350 BC.
Cocoa is native to tropical South America. Cocoa trees were planted 3,000 years ago. Indians use cocoa to make chocolate drinks. Columbus brought cocoa beans back to Europe in 1502, and cocoa beverages became popular in Europe in the early 18th century. In 1869, the industrial production of grape juice began in England, and the pasteurization principle was first applied to preserve fruit juice. Consequently, the production of vegetable juice has gradually formed an industrial scale. Soda production originated in Europe. In 1772, the United Kingdom published books to guide the production of soda, and soda-based carbonated beverage production has begun to take shape. Later, a variety of cola-type beverages appeared, which became popular all over the world in the 1980s. In the mid-19th century, L. Pasteur developed a method of killing harmful microorganisms in milk (pasteurization), from which the industrial processing of fresh milk began.
The world beverage industry has reached a considerable scale of production since the beginning of the 20th century. After the 1960s, beverage industry began to concentrate on large-scale production and rapid development. Mineral water, carbonated beverage, fruit juice, vegetable juice, milk, beer and wine have formed large-scale and automatic production system. There are many kinds of beverages, which can be divided into alcoholic beverage and non-alcoholic beverage according to the production technology. Alcohol beverage is made from sorghum, barley, rice or fruit by fermentation or distillation, including various liquors and blended liquors. Rough grain beverage is made from cereals and miscellaneous grains by strict processing and multi-channel sterilization. Millet milk, red soybean milk, mung bean milk, black soybean milk and other varieties have emerged one after another. Non-alcoholic beverages are processed from fruits, vegetables, roots, stems, leaves, flowers or animal milk by pressing or impregnating extraction methods, including soft drinks, hot drinks and milk.
Tea as a family beverage, its production, marketing and drinking of tea in the Tang Dynasty has been prevalent. Tea from all over the world is imported from China. Tea has become a popular beverage in Japan in the 13th century, and tea ceremony keeps on spreading. Coffee originated in Ethiopia. The earliest cultivated coffee variety is Arabic small fruit coffee. Later, it was introduced to many countries. In 1878, J. Thompson and C. Chase first used tinned coffee and gradually became a popular drink.