Tag Archive : Rice husk charcoal briquette production line

How to use rice husk as material to make charcoal briquette


Rice husk, a byproduct of rice milling, is often considered agricultural waste. However, it holds significant potential as a material for making charcoal briquettes. Transforming rice husk into charcoal briquettes can provide an eco-friendly, sustainable, and cost-effective alternative to traditional charcoal. This guide details the process of converting rice husk into charcoal briquettes, highlighting each step and the benefits of using this abundant resource.

charcoal ball press making line

charcoal ball press making line

Collection and Preparation of Rice Husk

Rice Husk Collection

The first step in making charcoal briquettes from rice husk involves collecting the husks. Rice mills generate large quantities of husk, which can be gathered and transported to a processing facility. Ensuring a consistent and adequate supply of rice husk is crucial, as it forms the primary raw material for the briquettes.

Drying the Rice Husk

Before processing, the rice husk needs to be adequately dried to reduce its moisture content. High moisture content can affect the efficiency of carbonization and briquette formation. Natural sun drying or mechanical dryers can be used to achieve the desired dryness. Proper drying is essential to ensure the quality and combustibility of the final briquettes.

Carbonization Process

Carbonizing the Rice Husk

The carbonization process involves converting rice husk into charcoal through controlled heating in an oxygen-limited environment. This can be done using various methods, such as traditional kilns or more modern, efficient carbonization units. During carbonization, the rice husk undergoes pyrolysis, where volatile substances are released, leaving behind a carbon-rich residue. The key is to maintain the right temperature and conditions to produce high-quality charcoal.

rice husk as material for making charcoal briquette

rice husk as material for making charcoal briquette

Cooling and Collecting Charcoal

Once the carbonization process is complete, the hot charcoal needs to be cooled before further handling. This can be done by spreading the charcoal in a thin layer and allowing it to cool naturally or using cooling equipment. The cooled charcoal is then collected and prepared for the next step.

Crushing and Mixing

Crushing the Charcoal

The charcoal obtained from carbonizing rice husk is often in large chunks and needs to be crushed into finer particles. A hammer mill or crusher can be used to pulverize the charcoal into a fine powder. The particle size is crucial for briquette formation, as it affects the density and strength of the briquettes.

Mixing with a Binder

To form briquettes, the powdered charcoal must be mixed with a binder. Common binders include starch, clay, or molasses, which help in binding the charcoal particles together. The mixture is prepared by adding water to the charcoal and binder, creating a homogeneous paste. The right proportion of binder ensures that the briquettes hold together well and burn efficiently.

Briquette Formation and Drying

Forming the Briquettes

The charcoal paste is then fed into a briquette-making machine, which compresses the mixture into uniform shapes, such as cylindrical or pillow-shaped briquettes. The pressure and design of the machine play a significant role in determining the density and durability of the briquettes. Properly formed briquettes are easier to handle, store, and transport.

Drying the Briquettes

Freshly formed briquettes contain moisture that needs to be removed to ensure proper combustion. Drying can be done using natural sunlight or mechanical dryers, depending on the scale of production. Drying not only reduces moisture but also hardens the briquettes, making them more durable and efficient as a fuel source.

Benefits and Applications

Environmental and Economic Benefits

Using rice husk to make charcoal briquettes offers numerous environmental benefits. It reduces waste, lowers greenhouse gas emissions, and provides a sustainable alternative to traditional charcoal. Economically, it offers a cost-effective way to utilize agricultural byproducts and creates additional income streams for rice farmers and rural communities.

Applications of Rice Husk Charcoal Briquettes

Rice husk charcoal briquettes can be used in various applications, including cooking, heating, and industrial processes. They offer a cleaner and more efficient fuel source compared to traditional wood charcoal, contributing to reduced deforestation and better air quality.


Transforming rice husk into charcoal briquettes is a practical and sustainable way to utilize agricultural waste. By following the steps of collection, preparation, carbonization, crushing, mixing, briquette formation, and drying, high-quality briquettes can be produced. These briquettes not only provide an eco-friendly energy solution but also contribute to economic development and environmental conservation. Embracing this technology can pave the way for a greener and more sustainable future. Visiting: